List of broadcast cameras used by Australian TV networks

As I have a big interest in what TV cameras were used by different TV stations over Australia particularly of the vintage tube type, I decided to make a listing of pretty much all the metro and regional TV stations of Australia and list the make and model of cameras used at each network. We had a very diverse range of television cameras which we imported worldwide, from England we imported Marconi, PYE and EMI cameras, from USA we imported RCA's range of cameras, from Germany we imported Fernseh and Bosch cameras and from Japan we imported Ikegami and Sony cameras. Anyways I have listed pretty much most of the TV networks of Australia except SBS though it will be added soon, there could be mistakes of the equipment used so if anyone spots them let me know, and there are a lot of gaps in this list so anyone who can help me fill the gaps it would be much appreciated. Just to mention I haven't included the telecine cameras nor the film cameras as I am keeping my listings strictly to television cameras. Anyways here's the list below: 

New South Wales

Sydney:

ABN-2
B&W: PYE MKIII 3" image orthicon (1956-1974) (remote), Marconi MKIII 4.5" image orthicon (1956-1974) (studio), EMI 10678 CPS Emitron (1956-early 1960s)
Colour: Marconi MKVIII plumbicon

ATN-7
B&W: 9x Marconi MKIII 4.5" image orthicon (studio) (1956-1974) and MKIV 4.5" image orthicon (studio) (early 1960s-1974) 2x RCA 1" vidicon cameras (TK-15 or TK-21) (studio) (1960s-1974) 3x Marconi MKIII 4.5" image orthicon (remote) (1956-1974)
Colour: Marconi MKVIII plumbicon (1973/74- early 1990s)

TCN-9
B&W: 10x Fernseh KOA 3" image orthicon (studio) (1956-1974) and Marconi MKIV 4.5" image orthicon (early 1960s-1974) 3x Fernseh KOA 3" image orthicon (remote) (1956-1974)
Colour: Philips LDK-5 plumbicon (1974/75-mid 1990s), Philips LDK-2A plumbicon

TEN-10
B&W: Marconi MKIV 4.5" image orthicon (1965-1974)
Colour: Marconi MKVIII (1974- early 1990s) and MKIX plumbicon (1978-early 1990s)

Regional:

WIN-4 (Wollongong)
B&W: 2x RCA TK-15 1" vidicon (1962-1973) Philips EL8020 plumbicon (mid/late 1960s-1973)
Colour: Ikegami TK-301A plumbicon (1973-1980s), Philips LDK-25 plumbicon (1980s)

NBN-3 (Newcastle)
B&W: 3x RCA TK-12 4.5" image orthicon and a RCA TK-15 1" vidicon (1962-1974) (studio) 6x RCA TK-31 3" image orthicon (1967-1974) (remote) [1962-1967 they borrowed TCN-9's OB vans for remote broadcasts]
Colour: EMI 2005 plumbicon (1975-1980s)

RTN-8 (Lismore) [now NRN-8]
B&W: 2x 1" vidicon cameras (info needed on brand/model)
Colour:

CBN-8 (Orange)
B&W: RCA TK-11 3" image orthicon (1962-1964/65?) and RCA TK-60 4.5" image orthicon (1964/65?-1974)
Colour:

RVN-2 (Wagga Wagga) [now CBN-2]
B&W: 2x EMI 201 1" vidicon (1964-1974)
Colour:

NEN-9 (Tamworth)
B&W: 2x EMI 201 1"vidicon
Colour:

NRN-11 (Coffs Harbour)
B&W: 2x Marconi BD864 1" vidicon (1965-1974)
Colour:

CWN-6 (Dubbo) [now CBN-6]
This station was a relay station relaying all of CBN-8's programming so no cameras

MTN-9 (Griffith)
B&W: 2x 1" vidicon cameras (info needed on brand/model)
Colour:

ECN-8 (Taree) [now NEN-8]
B&W:
Colour:

BKN-7 (Broken Hill)
B&W:
Colour:


Australian Capital Territory

CTC-7 (Canberra)
B&W: 2x RCA TK-12 4.5" image orthicon then later possibly TK-60s (1962-1974) PYE MKIII 3" image orthicon (remote) (1962-1974)
Colour: RCA TK-45 plumbicon (1974-1990s)
[Note a great article on CTC-7's new RCA colour setup can be found in RCA Broadcast News 156 August 1975]


Victoria

Melbourne:

ABV-2
B&W: PYE MKIII 3" image orthicon (1956-1974) (remote) Marconi MKIII 4.5" image orthicon (1956-1974) (studio), EMI 206 and 207 4.5" image orthicon (late 1960s-1974)
Colour: Philips LDK-5 plumbicon (1974-early 1990s), Ikegami plumbicon (late 1980s-1999)

HSV-7
B&W: Marconi MKIII 4.5" image orthicon (1956-1974), AMPEX BC-300 portable plumbicon/vidicon (late 1960s-1974) [total 10 Marconi cameras and 2 OB vans]
Colour: Marconi MKVIII plumbicon (1973/74-1990s) Philips LDK-3s (1968 experimental colour demonstration and in studio 1974-1980s), RCA TK-760 plumbicon (1977-1980s) [not 100% certain]

GTV-9
B&W: Pye MKIII 3" image orthicon (1956-1974), PYE MK5 4.5" image orthicon (early 1960s-1974), Fernseh KOD 3" image orthicon (early 1960s-1974???) [total 12 image orthicon cameras]
Colour: Fernseh KCU 40 plumbicon (1975-1993), Bosch KCN portable plumbicon, Sony BVP-375 CCD (1990s)

ATV-0:
B&W: 9x RCA TK-60 4.5" image orthicon (studio) (1964-1974), 3x RCA TK-60 4.5" image orthicon (remote) (1964-1974), RCA TK-31 3" image orthicon (newsmobile remote) (1964-1974)
Colour: RCA TK-45 and RCA TK-46 plumbicon (1974-1990s), RCA TK-76 portable plumbicon, RCA TK-42 4.5" image orthicon + 3 vidicon tube NTSC [on loan from USA in 1967 for experimental closed circuit colourcast of Pakenham races], BVP-370 CCD (1990s)
[Note: a great article on the experimental RCA TK-42 colourcast of the 1967 Pakenham Races can be found in RCA Broadcast News 138 March 1968]


Regional:

BTV-6 (Ballarat) [now VTV-6]
B&W: 2x RCA TK-12 then 2x RCA TK-60 and 2x EMI 203 4.5" image orthicon, EMI 201 1" vidicon (1962-1974)
Colour: RCA TK-45 plumbicon (1974-1990s), RCA TK-76 and RCA TK-760 portable plumbicon (1970s-1990s)

GMV-6 (Shepparton)
B&W: Marconi BD864 1 inch vidicon (1961-1974)
Colour: RCA TK-45 plumbicon (1975-1990s) and RCA TK-76 and TK-760 portable plumbicon (1970s-1990s)

BCV-8 (Bendigo)
B&W: 2x Marconi BD864 1" vidicon and 2x Fernseh KOD 3" image orthicon (1961-1974)
Colour: Marconi MKVIII plumbicon (1975-1980s) Ikegami plumbicon (1980s-1990s)

STV-8 (Mildura)
B&W: PYE Graduate 1" vidicon (1965-1974)
Colour: Ampex BBC-1 or BCC-10 plumbicon (1975-1980s???)

GLV-10 (Tralalgon) [changed to GLV-8 in 1980]
B&W:
Colour:

AMV-4 (Albury) [now AMV-11]
B&W:
Colour:


Queensland

Brisbane:

ABQ-2
B&W: Marconi MKIV 4.5" image orthicon (1959-1974)
Colour: Marconi MKVIII plumbicon (1974/75-1990s)

BTQ-7
B&W: Marconi MKIII and MKIV 4.5" image orthicon (1959-1974), PYE MKIV 3" image orthicon (1959-1974) 1" vidicon camera (info needed on brand/model) [Note: 3x 4.5" image orthicon camers and a vidicon camera were used in total, Marconi MKIVs were definitely used though it's unclear if the MKIIIs and PYE MKIVs were used]
Colour: Marconi MKVIII and Philips LDK-2 plumbicon (1975-1990s)

QTQ-9
B&W: 3x RCA TK-31 3" image orthicon (studio B), remote controlled TK-21 1" vidicon (Studio C) and 5x TK-31B 3" image orthicon (remote) (1959-1974), Fernseh 3" image orthicon (1960s???)
Colour: Philips LDK-5 and LDK-2 plumbicon (1975-1990s), RCA TK-76 portable plumbicon (1970s-1980s)
[Note: a great article on QTQ-9 with it's RCA B&W cameras can be viewed in RCA Broadcast News 112 December 1961]

TVQ-10
B&W: RCA TK-60 4.5" image orthicon (1965-1974)
Colour: RCA TK-45 plumbicon (1974-1990s)

Regional:

MVQ-6 (Mackay) [now STQ-6]
B&W:
Colour: Philips PC-60 plumbicon (1975-1980) and RCA TK-47 plumbicon (1980-1990s)

TNQ-7 (Townsville)
B&W: 2x Marconi BD864 1" vidicon (1962-1974)
Colour: RCA TK-45 plumbicon (1974-1990s?)

DDQ-10 (Toowoomba) [now RTQ-0]
B&W: 2x image orthicon cameras (info needed on brand/model) EMI 201 1" vidicon
Colour: Ikegami TK-301A plumbicon (1974/75-1980s) and Sony BVP-??? portable plumbicon (1980s)

RTQ-7 (Rockhampton)
B&W: 2x Marconi cameras (info needed on model)
Colour:

SEQ-8 (Marybourough) [then WBQ-8, now STQ-8]
B&W: Fernseh 3" image orthicon cameras (info needed on model)
Colour:

FNQ-10 (Cairns) [now TNQ-10]
B&W: 2x Fernseh KOF 3/4.5" image orthicon
Colour:

SDQ-4 (Southern Downs) [now RTQ-42]
B&W: 2x image orthicon cameras (info needed on brand/model) EMI 201 1" vidicon
Colour:

ITQ-8 (Mt Isa)
B&W: TGL TVCS-10 1" vidicon (1971-1974)
Colour:

Satellite

QQQ
Colour:


Western Australia

Perth:

ABW-2
B&W: EMI 203 4.5" image orthicon (1960-1974)
Colour: Bosch KCU 40 plumbicon (1975-1990s???)

TVW-7
B&W: PYE MKIV 3" image orthicon and MKV 4.5" image orthicon (studio) (1959-1974), Marconi MK2 3" image orthicon (studio) (1959-1960s???) and MKVII 4.5" image orthicon (remote) (1965?-1974) [total of 10 image orthicon cameras and 2 OB vans]
Colour: RCA TK-76 and TK-760 portable plumbicon, 1 x Philips LDK-15 portable plumbicon (was moved to SAS-7 for use on Wheel Of Fortune as overhead camera), 8 x Philips LDK-5  plumbicon (1975-1980s?) 6 x Sony BVP-360 2/3" saticon (1980s-1990s)

STW-9
B&W: 6 x PYE MKV 4.5" image orthicon (1965-1974)
Colour: 4 x Marconi MKVII plumbicon (1974-1978), 3 x Bosch KCU-40 plumbicon, 3 x Bosch KCP-40 plumbicon, 3 x Bosch KCK-40 plumbicon (1978-early 1990s?)

NEW-10
Colour:

Regional:

BTW-3 (Bunbury) (now GWN)
B&W: PYE Graduate 1" vidicon (1967-1976)
Colour: RCA TK-760 plumbicon (1976-1980s), Sony BVP-360 2/3" saticon (1980s-1990s)

GSW-9 (Albany) [now SSW-9]
B&W:
Colour:

VEW-8 (Kalgoorlie)
B&W: TGL TVCS 10 1" vidicon (1971-1974)
Colour:

GTW-11 (Geraldton)
Colour: Philips LDK-14 portable 2/3" plumbicon (1977-1980s)

Satellite

WOW
Colour:

WAW
Colour:


South Australia

Adelaide:

ABS-2
B&W: EMI 203 4.5" image orthicon (1960-1974)
Colour:

SAS-7 (previously SAS-10)
B&W: Fernseh KOD 3" image orthicon (1965-1974)
Colour: LDK-5 plumbicon (1974/75-1990s)

NWS-9
B&W: PYE MKIV 3" image orthicon (1959-1974?), PYE MKV 4.5" image orthicon (1960s-1974) [total 8 image orthicon cameras, 5 in studio and 3 in OB van]
Colour: Bosch KCP-40 (1974/75-1990s) and possibly Marconi MKIX plumbicon (late 1970s-1990s???)

ADS-10 (previously ADS-7)
B&W: Fernseh KOD 3" image orthicon (1959-1974) 4.5" image orthicon cameras (info needed on brand/model) [total 3x 4.5" and 3x 3" image orthicon cameras]
Colour: 3x Philips LDK-5 & 3x LDK-25 plumbicon (1974/75-1990s), Philips LDK-15 plumbicon (came from TVW-7), Ikegami HL-79A & HL79D portable plumbicon (late 1970s-1994), Sony BVP-90 CCD (1994-2000)

Regional:

SES-8 (Mt Gambier)
B&W: 2x PYE Graduate 1" vidicon (1966-1974)
Colour: RCA TK-44 plumbicon (early 1970s), TK-45 plumbicon (1974-1990s?), RCA TKP-45 portable plumbicon (1974-1980s), Sony CCD cameras [not sure of make/model] (1990s)

GTS-4 (Port Pirie)
B&W:
Colour:

RTS-5A (Riverland)
B&W:
Colour:


Tasmania

ABT-2 (Hobart)
B&W: Marconi MKIV 4.5" image orthicon (1960-1974)
Colour:

TVT-6 (Hobart)
B&W: PYE MKIV 3" image orthicon (1960-1960s?) 3x PYE Staticon 1" vidicon (1960-1960s?) Marconi MKIV 4.5" image orthicon (1960s-1974)
Colour: EMI 2005 plumbicon colour (1974-1980s?)

TNT-9 (Launceston) [later changed to TAS-TV]
B&W: 2x RCA TK-15 1" vidicon (1962-1974)
Colour: RCA TK-45 plumbicon (1975-1990s)

TDT-11 (Tasmanian Digital Television)
Colour:


Northern Territory

ABD-6 (Darwin)
B&W:
Colour:

NDT-8
B&W: TGL TVCS 10 1" vidicon (1971-1974)
Colour:

TND-34
Colour:

Satellite

IMP (Imparja)
Colour:


Experimental and TV school cameras used:


Sydney Film and TV School:
Bosch KCU-40 plumbicon colour

RMIT University Melbourne:
PYE MKIII 3" image orthicon B&W

Crawfords TV Workshop (1950s):
PYE 2018 1" vidicon B&W

Shell capital city TV demonstrations (1948/49):
PYE MK1 photicon (mini iconoscope) B&W

Sun Herald TV demonstrations 1953-1956:
Marconi MKI 3" image orthicon B&W

St Vincent Hospital (1960-late 1960s):
Marconi MKIV BD848 3" image orthicon colour

British Exhibition Australia, Sydney (1964):

EMI 204 1" vidicon colour

Monash University Melbourne (1971-1970s):
Marconi MKIV BD848 3" image orthicon colour or RCA TK-41 3" image orthicon colour
(This was a colour OB truck kit complete with RCA looking circular tube monitors, uncertain of the colour cameras used)

School Of Television, North Sydney Technical College (1950s-1960s):
PYE MKIII 3" image orthicon B&W, Fernseh KOA 3" image orthicon B&W

Gore Hill Technical College Sydney (1950s-1960s):
PYE MKIII 3" image orthicon B&W, Fernseh KOA 3" image orthicon B&W

Amateur TV group ATV South Australia:
Australian made 3" and 4.5" image orthicon cameras and field sequential colour wheel 3" image orthicon colour camera

Other known cameras used in TV networks, TV schools and demonstrations:
Philips EL8020 plumbicon B&W
Marconi MKVII plumbicon colour
Philips LDK-2 plumbicon colour
Marconi MKV 4.5" image orthicon B&W
1950 Australian lab built 250 line B&W camera
RCA MI-32235 TV Eye 1" vidicon B&W
RCA TK-22 telecine camera B&W vidicon


I have sourced a lot of this info from many sources, through my contacts, old broadcast photos from library sites and other sites, old video clips from my collection and YouTube, information given on broadcast related sites etc. Two excellent sources of information to mention is The Broadcasting & Television Year Book 11th edition 1968 which is an Australian book, and various editions of RCA Broadcast News magazines from the 1960s and 70s all available in PDF to download!





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